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Financial and Investment Fraud

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Page 37 of 46

October 4, 2016

A federal court has found that racecar driver Scott A. Tucker and several corporate defendants in a Kansas City-based payday lending scheme violated Section 5 of the FTC Act and has ordered them to pay $1.3 billion for deceiving consumers across the country and illegally charging them undisclosed and inflated fees. The $1.3 billion order represents the largest litigated judgment ever obtained by the FTC. It stems from a complaint filed in 2012 by the agency, which alleged that the operators of AMG Services Inc. falsely claimed they would charge borrowers the loan amount plus a one-time finance fee. Instead, the defendants made multiple withdrawals from consumers’ bank accounts and assessed a new finance fee each time, without disclosing the true costs of the loan. The judgment represents the difference between what consumers actually paid on the loans and what they were told they would have to pay. FTC

June 6, 2016

The CFPB took action against payment processer Intercept Corporation and two of its executives, Bryan Smith and Craig Dresser, for allegedly enabling unauthorized and other illegal withdrawals from consumer accounts by their clients.  The complaint alleges Intercept, Smith, and Dresser processed payments for clients without adequately investigating, monitoring, or responding to red flags that indicated some clients were breaking the law or deceiving customers.  CFPB

June 1, 2016

Wall Street-based brokerage firm Albert Friend & Company (AF&Co) will pay $300,000 to settle charges it failed to sufficiently evaluate or monitor customers’ trading for suspicious activity.  Specifically, an SEC investigation found that AF&CO failed to file Suspicious Activity Reports with bank regulators for more than five years despite red flags tied to its customers high-volume liquidations of low-priced securities.  SEC

May 31, 2016

The SEC charged Nashville-based investment advisory firm Hope Advisers, Inc. and its owner, Karen Bruton, with scheming to collect extra fees from a pair of hedge funds they managed.  The SEC alleges that Hope Advisers and Bruton orchestrated certain trades to cause the funds to realize large gains near the end of the month, while basically guaranteeing a large loss to be realized the following month, in order to circumvent the funds’ fee structure under which Hope Advisers was entitled to fees only if the funds’ profits in the month exceeded past losses.  Without the fraudulent trades, Hope Advisers would have received almost no incentive fees since October 2014.  Hope Advisers and Bruton have consented to an interim order that restricts them from accessing $7 million of their own investments in the funds.  SEC

May 31, 2016

California-based mortgage company First Mortgage Corporation (FMC), along with six senior executives, will pay $12.7 million to settle charges that they orchestrated a scheme to defraud investors in the sale of residential mortgage-backed securities guaranteed by the Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae).  FMC is a mortgage lender that issued Ginnie Mae RMBS backed by loans it originated.  The SEC alleges that from March 2011 to March 2015, FMC and its senior-most executives pulled current, performing loans out of Ginne Mae RMBS by falsely claiming they were delinquent in order to sell them at a profit into newly-issued RMBS.  According to the SEC’s complaint, FMC purposely delayed depositing checks from borrowers who had been behind on their loans, falsely claiming to both investors and Ginnie Mae that such loans remained delinquent when in reality they were current.  After repurchasing at prices applicable to delinquent loans, FMC was able to resell the loans into new Ginnie Mae RMBS pools at higher prices applicable to current loans for an immediate, nearly risk-free profit.  FMC’s Chairman and CEO Clement Ziroli Sr., President Clement Ziroli Jr., CFO Pac Wong, Senior VP Ronald Vargas, Senior VP Scott Lehrer, and Servicing Department Managing Director Edward Joseph Sanders will pay collectively over $1 million to settle the SEC’s charges.  SEC

May 19, 2016

Eric J. Kellogg, mayor of Harvey, Illinois, will pay $10,000 and has agreed to never participate in a municipal bond offering again, in order to settle SEC fraud charges.  The SEC alleged that Kellogg was connected to a series of fraudulent bond offerings by the city.  Investors were told that their money would be used to develop and construct a Holiday Inn hotel in Harvey, but instead city officials diverted at least $1.7 million in bond proceeds to fund the city’s payroll and other operational costs.  SEC

May 13, 2016

The SEC announced fraud charges against attorneys Jay Mac Rust and Christopher K. Brenner for making undisclosed risky investments and stealing money from escrow accounts of small business owners seeking commercial loans.  The SEC alleges Rust and Brenner collected $13.8 million acting as escrow agents between their clients and a purported loan company called Atlantic Rim Funding.  Rust and Brenner assured clients that their deposits of 10 percent of the desired loan amount would be held safe and only used to purchase liquid, government-backed securities.  According to the SEC’s complaint, Atlantic had no ability or intention to obtain these loans.  Yet Rust and Brenner continued to make misrepresentations to clients and collect more money from clients anyway.  Rust and Brenner took over $1 million in client funds to pay themselves and others and gambled on risky securities derivatives with the remainder of the money.  SEC

May 12, 2016

The SEC announced fraud charges against California stock promoter Imran Husain and New Jersey lawyer Gregg Evan Jaclin for creating sham companies and selling them until the SEC issued stop orders and suspended the registration statements of the last two companies they created.  The SEC alleges that Husain and Jaclin created nine shell companies and sold seven by creating a sham business plan for each company, installing puppet CEOs, preparing bogus legal documents purporting to sell each company’s shares to straw shareholders who were actually given cash to pay for the stock they purchased plus a commission, and then filing misleading quarterly and annual reports once the companies were registered.  Husain obtained about $2.25 million in total proceeds when the empty shell companies were sold.  Jaclin and his firm received nearly $225,000 for their legal services.  SEC

May 11, 2016

The SEC charged Jason Galanis, his father John Galanis, and five associates with defrauding investors in sham Native American tribal bonds in order to steal millions of dollars in proceeds to fund their own extravagant expenses and criminal defense costs.  The SEC alleges that Jason and John convinced a Native American tribal corporation to issue limited recourse bonds they had previously structured, acquired two investment advisory firms, and installed officers to arrange the purchase of $43 million in bonds using clients’ funds.  The SEC alleges that instead of investing bond proceeds as promised in annuities to benefit the tribal corporation and generate sufficient income to repay bondholders, the money wound up in a bank account in Florida belonging to a company controlled by the defendants.  The misappropriated funds were used for the purchase of luxury goods and to pay attorneys representing Jason and John in a criminal case brought parallel to fraud charges brought by the SEC last year.  SEC

May 6, 2016

Pittsburgh, Pa.-based financial adviser Martin Blazer III, founder of Blazer Capital Management, agreed to settle fraud charges brought by the SEC.  The SEC’s complaint, filed in federal court in Manhattan, alleges that Blazer targeted professional athletes and other high-net worth individuals as clients, took approximately $2.35 million from five clients without their authorization to invest in two movie projects in which he had a personal financial interest, and then took money from one client’s account when another found out about the unauthorized investment and threatened to sue if the money was not returned.  When SEC examiners uncovered the unauthorized withdrawals, Blazer lied and produced false deal documents he created in an attempt to hide his misconduct.  A determination of disgorgement and financial penalties will be determined by the court at a later date.  SEC
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