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November 7, 2018

Posted  November 9, 2018

Citibank N.A. has agreed to pay $38.7 million to settle charges that it improperly handled “pre-released” American Depositary Receipts (ADRs).  ADRs are securities that represent shares in a foreign company, and ordinarily require that a corresponding number of foreign shares be held at a depository bank. However, “pre-release” allows ADRs to be issued without the deposit of foreign shares, provided that brokers have an agreement with a depository bank and the broker or its customer owns the required number of foreign shares. The SEC found that Citibank improperly provided ADRs to brokers when, in fact, neither the broker nor its customer had the foreign shares needed to support those new ADRs.  SEC

Tagged in: Financial Institution Fraud, Regulatory Violations, Securities Fraud,