The Montana False Claims Act allows whistleblowers who know of violations of the law to file a “qui tam” lawsuit. It has general application, covering many types of fraud against the state, not just healthcare fraud.
The terms of the Montana False Claims Act extend beyond the state to political subdivisions, including cities, towns, counties, school districts, and other governmental entities. “Qui tam” suits may be brought by whistleblowers on behalf of the state or a political subdivision.
A successful whistleblower will receive between 15 and 25 percent of the proceeds in cases where the state intervenes; if the state does not intervene a successful whistleblower will receive between 25 and 30 percent of the proceeds. These amounts may be reduced or eliminated if the whistleblower planned or initiated the violation.
Read the full text of the law here.