The New York State False Claims Act allows whistleblowers who know of violations of the law to file a “qui tam” lawsuit. It has general application, covering many types of fraud against the state, not just healthcare fraud. The Act specifically allows whistleblower suits based on violations of the state’s tax laws, provided the violator’s annual income exceeds $1 million and the damages exceed $350,000.
The terms of the New York False Claims Act extend beyond the state to political subdivisions, including counties, cities, towns, school districts and other local government entities. “Qui tam” suits may be brought by whistleblowers on behalf of the state or a political subdivision.
A successful whistleblower will receive between 15 and 25 percent of the proceeds in cases where the state intervenes; if the state does not intervene a successful whistleblower will receive between 25 and 30 percent of the proceeds. These amounts may be reduced if the whistleblower planned or initiated the violation.
Read the full text of the law here.