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Flood insurance fraud usually occurs in the aftermath of natural disasters, in which a combination of weather factors causes major damage to structures. There are virtually no private underwriters of flood insurance in the US, as it’s been deemed too risky by almost every major insurer. As a result, most flood insurance policies are issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
These policies are meant to insure property owners against the damage caused by floods only, and do not cover damage caused by other destructive natural forces like wind, hail, and rain, even though they frequently coincide with major flooding, for instance in the case of hurricanes.
Damage from forces like wind is generally covered by private property insurance policies. In the wake of a complex natural disaster, private insurers can defraud the government by casting blame for structural damage on flooding, rather than on wind or other forces that fall within their policies. In so doing, such insurers falsely redirecting insurance claims away from themselves and onto FEMA, causing FEMA to pay for damage for which private insurers are truly responsible.
Examples of Flood Insurance Fraud: