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Misrepresentations

This archive displays posts tagged as relevant to fraudulent misrepresentations in financial transactions and financial markets. You may also be interested in the following pages:

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October 15, 2021

Tether Holdings Limited and related entities, issuers of the “Tether Token” or USDt, have agreed to pay a civil monetary penalty of $41 million to resolve allegations that they violated the CEA and CFTC regulations by making untrue or misleading statements and/or omitting material facts through statements that Tether maintained sufficient U.S. dollar and other fiat currency reserves in bank accounts to back every USDt in circulation.  In fact, Tether did not hold sufficient currency reserves at all times.  The reserves were inadequate in amount, and were not held in currency in bank accounts, but instead included unsecured receivables and non-fiat assets, which were held by unregulated entities and third-parties including Bitfinex, which commingled reserve funds with operational and customer funds.  The CFTC also found that Tether failed to perform routine professional audits as represented.  CFTC

Whistleblower Reveals Facebook’s Lies: Will the SEC or Congress Act to Curtail Threats to Democracy and Teens from Social Media?

Posted  10/1/21
Modern mobile devices
For anyone who cares about the future of liberal democracy, improving the mental health and well-being of children, ending the COVID-19 pandemic, or stopping drug cartels and human trafficking, the recent series in The Wall Street Journal titled “The Facebook Files” is a must-read.  Based on a trove of internal documents shared by a Facebook whistleblower, as well as interviews with numerous current and former...

September 15, 2021

Ronald Montano and his company, Montano Enterprises LLC, have been ordered to pay $2.5 million in restitution and civil monetary penalty for using fraudulent solicitations in connection with binary options with commodity interests.  The solicitations misrepresented automated trading systems as successful, using fictitious trading results, fabricated customer testimonials, and falsified background information on the systems’ creators.  CFTC

September 14, 2021

App Annie Inc. will pay $10 million to resolve claims of securities fraud arising from the company’s alleged misuse of mobile app “alternative data” shared by companies about the performance of their mobile apps with the promise that such data would be aggregated and anonymized.  In fact, App Annie used non-aggregated and non-anonymized data to develop models that it sold to customers to make investment decisions and trade ahead of upcoming earnings announcements.  The company’s co-founder and former CEO will also pay a fine of $300,000.  SEC

September 3, 2021

The Kraft Heinz Company and two of its former executives will pay $62 million to resolve charges that between 2015 and 2018 the company falsely reported cost savings, including by recognizing unearned discounts from suppliers and maintaining false and misleading supplier contracts. In 2019, Kraft Heinz restated its financials, correcting a total of $208 million in improperly-recognized cost savings.  The SEC alleged that the company did not have effective internal accounting controls in its procurement division, and that former COO Eduardo Pelleissone and former Chief Procurement Officer Klaus Hoffman ignored red flags that expenses were not being accurately reported.  Pelleissone and Hoffman will pay civil penalties of $300,000 and $100,000, respectively.  SEC

August 25, 2021

Default judgment was entered against Silver Star FX, LLC d/b/a Silver Star Live, Silver Star Live Software LLC, and David Wayne Mayer based on findings that, acting as unregistered commodity trading advisors, they fraudulently solicited customers to open discretionary foreign exchange trading accounts that would purportedly use an automated trading software developed by Mayer.  Defendants misrepresented Mayer's qualifications and trading experience, as well as the trading system's performance history and expected profits.  Defendants were ordered to pay $3.9 million in restitution and $11.7 million in civil monetary penalties.  CFTC

August 24, 2021

Healthcare Services Group, Inc., which provides housekeeping, dining, and other services to healthcare facilities, will pay $6 million to resolve charges of improper accounting.  The SEC alleged that the company failed to comply with GAAP in 2014 and 2015 by failing to timely accrue for and disclose material loss contingencies related to litigation against the company despite evidence that liability was probable and reasonably estimable.  As a result, the company was able to report earnings per share that matched market expectations.  The SEC investigation resulted from its “EPS Initiative,” which uses data analytics to identify improper accounting and disclosure practices.  HCSG's former CFO John C. Shea and its controller, Derya Warner, will pay penalties of $50,000 and $10,000, respectively.  SEC

August 23, 2021

Charles McAllister was ordered to pay $16.2 million in restitution to resolve claims arising from his operation of BullionDirect, Inc., which promised customers that it would purchase precious metals on their behalf, and deliver or store that metal. In fact, however, McCallister and BullionDirect did not purchase or store metal for customers, but instead misappropriated customer funds to pay back other customers, cover business expenses, and invest in other businesses.  Defendants sent false account statements to customers to conceal the fraud.  In 2019, McAllister was sentenced to 10 years in prison.  CFTC

August 10, 2021

The principles of the Global Trading Club, Mayco Alexis Maldonado Garcia, Cesar Castaneda, and Joel Castaneda Garcia, consented to an order requiring payments totaling $1.75 million in restitution and civil penalties.  The CFTC alleged that the individual falsely represented that GTC employed “master traders” in cryptocurrency transactions, promised returns to customers, and caused misleading trading statements to be posted online.  The order bars the individuals from registering with the CFTC and from trading commodity interests.  CFTC
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